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Updated: 03.18.21

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    Cherokee :: Treaty of the Hopewell 1785 :: Kingsport


    Treaty of the Hopewell 1785 :: Cherokee :: Kingsport

    Treaty of Hopewell, 1785

    November 28, 1785

    7 Stat. 18

    Articles concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowee, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, Joseph Martin, and Lachlan M'Intosh, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one Part, and the Head-Men and Warriors of all the Cherokees of the other.

    The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States, in Congress assembled, give peace to all the Cherokees, and receive them into the favor and protection of the United States of America, on the following conditions:


    The Head-Men and Warriors of all the Cherokees shall restore all the prisoners, citizens of the United States, or subjects of their allies, to their entire liberty: They shall also restore all the Negroes, and all other property taken during the late war from the citizens, to such person, and at such time and place, as the Commissioners shall appoint. /A/


    The Commissioners of the United States in Congress assembled, shall restore all the prisoners taken from the Indians, during the late war, to the Head-Men and Warriors of the Cherokees, as early as is practicable. /B/


    The said Indians for themselves and their respective tribes and towns do acknowledge all the Cherokees to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever. /C/


    The boundary allotted to the Cherokees for their hunting grounds, between the said Indians and the citizens of the United States, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning at the mouth of Duck river, on the Tennessee; thence running north-east to the ridge dividing the waters running into Cumberland from those running into the Tennessee; thence eastwardly along the said ridge to a north-east line to be run, which shall strike the river Cumberland forty miles above Nashville; thence along the said line to the river; thence up the said river to the ford where the Kentucky road crosses the river; thence to Campbell's line, near Cumberland gap; thence to the mouth of Claud's creek on Holstein; thence to the Chimney-top mountain; thence to Camp-creek, near the mouth of Big Limestone, on Nolichuckey; thence a southerly course six miles to a mountain; thence south tothe North-Carolina line; thence to the South-Carolina Indian boundary, and along the same south-west over the top of the Oconee mountain till it shall strike Tugaloo river; thence a direct line to the top of the Currohee mountain; thence to the head of the south fork of Oconee river. /D/


    If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands westward or southward of the said boundary which are hereby allotted to the Indians for their hunting grounds, or having already settled and will not remove from the same within six months after the ratification of this treaty, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Indians may punish him or not as they please: Provided nevertheless, That this article shall not extend to the people settled between the fork of French Broad and Holstein rivers, whose particular situation shall be transmitted to the United States in Congress assembled for their decision thereon, which the Indians agree to abide by. /E/


    If any Indian or Indians, or person residing among them, or who shall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery, or murder, or other capital crime, on any citizen of the United States, or person /F/ under their protection, the nation, or the tribe to which such offender or offenders may belong, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States; Provided, that the punishment shall not be greater than if the robbery or murder, or other capital crime had been committed by a citizen on a citizen.


    If any citizen of the United States, or person under their protection, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any Indian, such offender or offenders shall be punished in the same manner as if the murder or robbery, or other capital crime, had been committed on a citizen of the United States; and the punishment shall be in presence of some of the Cherokees, if any shall attend at the time and place, and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice of the time of such intended punishment shall be sent to some one of the tribes. /G/


    It is understood that the punishment of the innocent under the idea of retaliation, is unjust, and shall not be practiced on either side, except where there is a manifest violation of this treaty; and then it shall be preceded first by a demand of justice, and if refused, then by a declaration of hostilities. /H/


    For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, and for the prevention injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper. /I/


    Until the pleasure of Congress be known, respecting the ninth article, all traders, citizens of the United States, shall have liberty to go to any of the tribes or towns of the Cherokees to trade with them, and they shall be protected in their persons and property, and kindly treated. /J/


    The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the United States, of any designs which they may know or suspect to be formed in any neighboring tribe, or by any person whosoever, against the peace, trade or interest of the United States. /K/


    That the Indians may have full confidence in the justice of the United States, respecting their interests, they shall have the right to send a deputy of their choice, whenever they think fit, to Congress. /L/


    The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the peace given by the United States, and friendship re-established between the said states on the one part, and all the Cherokees on the other, shall be universal; /M/ and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavors to maintain the peace given as aforesaid, and friendship re-established.

    In witness of all and every thing herein determined, between the United States of America and all the Cherokees, we, their underwritten Commissioners, by virtue of our full powers, have signed this definitive treaty, and have caused our seals to be hereunto affixed.

    Done at Hopewell, on the Keowee, this twenty-eighth of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five.

    Benjamin Hawkins, (L.S.)

    And'w Pickens, (L.S.)

    Jos. Martin, (L.S.)

    Lach'n McIntosh, (L.S.)

    Koatohee, or Corn Tassel of Toquo, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Scholauetta, or Hanging Man of Chota, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Tuskegatahu, or Long Fellow of Chistohoe, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Ooskwha, or Abraham of Chilkowa, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Kolakusta, or Prince of Noth, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Newota, or the Gritzs of Chicamaga, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Konatota, or the Rising Fawn of Highwassay, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Tuckasee, or Young Terrapin of Allajoy, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Toostaka, or the Waker of Oostanawa, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Untoola, or Gun Rod of Seteco, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Unsuokanail, Buffalo White Calf New Cussee, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Kostayeak, or Sharp Fellow Wataga, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Chonosta, of Cowe, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Chescoonwho, Bird in Close of Tomotlug, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Tuckasee, or Terrapin of Hightowa, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Chesetoa, or the Rabbit of Tlacoa, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Chesecotetona, or Yellow Bird of the Pine Log, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Sketaloska, Second Man of Tillico, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Chokasatahe, Chickasaw Killer Tasonta, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Onanoota, of Koosoate, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Ookoseta, or Sower Mush of Kooloque, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Umatooetha, the Water Hunter Choikamawga, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Wyuka, of Lookout Mountain, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Tulco, or Tom of Chatuga, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Will, of Akoha, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Necatee, of Sawta, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Amokontakona, Kutcloa, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Kowetatahee, in Frog Town, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Keukuck, Talcoa, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Tulatiska, of Chaway, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Wooaluka, the Waylayer, Chota, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Tatliusta, or Porpoise of Tilassi, his x mark, (L.S.)

    John, of Little Tallico, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Skelelak, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Akonoluchta, the Cabin, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Cheanoka, of Kawetakac, his x mark, (L.S.)

    Yellow Bird, his x mark, (L.S.)


    Wm. Blount,

    Sam'l Taylor, Major.,

    John Owen,

    Jess. Walton,

    Jno. Cowan, capt. comm'd't,

    Thos. Gregg,

    W. Hazzard.

    James Madison,

    Arthur Cooley,.

    Sworn interpreters. A/ Indians to restore all prisoners, etc. B/ United States to restore all prisoners. C/ Cherokees acknowledge protection of United States. D/ Boundaries. E/ No citizen of United States to settle on Indian lands. F/ Indians to deliver up criminals. G/ Citizens of United States committing crimes against Indians to be punished. H/ Retaliation prohibited. I/ United States to regulate trade. J/ Special provision for trade. K/ Indians to give notice of designs against United States. L/ Indians may send deputy to Congress. M/ Peace and friendship perpetual.

    NEW! *** UPDATE See new historical update showing William King is how Kingsport got its name. March 18 2021 Follow This Link

    NEW! Read about the Battle of Island Flats from new 2018 essay. Key areas of history from Dickson Elementary School woods westward. Download HERE..[Dickson Video]

    The first celebration of Independence Day, July 4, 1776, took place at Fort Patrick Henry...Click here

    FACEBOOK : Visit Now! click here

    ALSO you can enjoy more history at "You Know You Grew Up in Kingsport If.." Facebook page : Click here..

    Also Visit : Kingsport Historical Society Videos
    And : Enjoy Kingsport's Centennial
    Enjoy Kingsport Archives photographs posted by Kingsport Archive Manager Brianne Johnson Wright

    'Chief' the Eagle flies once more over the Holston River
    and the Cherokee Nation's Long Island

       Before / After : Imagine Kingsport 300 years ago... :)

    HAPPY SPRING 2021 !
    August 21 2021 is our 199th Anniversary for the first City Charter 1822

    Be a part of :
    King's Port On The Holston
    The planning of the new waterfront. more...
    See the Flatboat Reconstruction.
    New extension of Greenbelt Walkway is completed.
    New building additions added beside Netherland Inn. Kingsport Centennial 1917 to 2017
    FACEBOOK : Visit Now!

    2016 Kingsport Collector Calendar
    The Mountain, The River, The City
    Find at : I Love Books Bookstore
    Kingsport Town Center / Fort Henry Mall
    ...423.378.5859 : Beside JCPenneys upper level

    Click to get your Calendar :) 2016
    Kingsport Calendar 2016
    Lloyd's Car Shop Honda Specialists

    Doug Henne : Artisan and Sculptures
    DatilSensation Datil Pepper Sauce
    Bortz Graphix Plus Signs TShirts..
    Modern Heart Photography

    NEW Aerial Kingsport

    Throughout the years known as The Model City :: Kingsport Tennessee
    NEW Interstate I-26 Exit Numbers
    Exit 1 at 11W and I-26
    Exit 3 to Meadowview Conference Center
    Exit 4 to Wilcox Drive and Meadowview Conference Center
    Exit 8 is the new I-26 Exit
    at the Interstate 81 junction.

    Kingsport TN Exit 8 Sign Interstate 26 and 81Kingsport TN Exit 4 Sign Interstate 26 and 81
  • Bays Mountain, Holston River,Greenbelt Path.
  • Here is a list of Local Websites.

  • GPS Coordinates: Kingsport is located
    at 3632'13?N, 8232'32?W

  • Find 'I Love Kingsport'
        and more Souvenirs Here.

  • FACEBOOK : Visit Now! click here

    Learn about the Gray Fossil Site Museum

    USAirways Magazine Kingsport Tennessee TN
  • US AIRWAYS Magazine spotlights Kingsport.
  • The October 2006 issue features Kingsport Tennessee.
  •

  • Beautiful Spring In Kingsport : Photos

  • would like to honor Dan Crowe who passed away December 1, 2005. Part of my inspiration in the back of my heart was to develop this site to fulfill a regret I had in High School. Coach Crowe allowed me lots of out-of-class time to work on a video project about the history of Tennessee Eastman. It turned out that the school television equipment could not handle the project due to the new studio being constructed. I wanted to let him know that his influence as a teacher and a gentleman was not forgotten. You may read about Dan Crowe's influence in our community here.
  • Thank you Dan Crowe. I look forward to seeing you again.
  • Please email Historical Signs/Marker Information Here
  • We are looking for any Historical Sign or Marker in the Kingsport Tennessee area. At this time there is no record of all these historical areas. The list will be made available at the Chamber of Commerce, Netherland Inn/Exchange Place Association and Internet for the public.
  • Thank you for your assistance.
  • Historical Markers in Kingsport

    Looking Down The River :: Kingsport Tennessee Netherland Inn
    From the Southeast ::
    Bays Mountain
    Kingsport Tennessee

    View Today
    View Then

    Hitchup Time :: Kingsport Tennessee ExchangePlace
    Hitchup Time ::
    Kingsport Tennessee

    View Then

    Coming Up On The Inn :: Kingsport Tennessee Netherland Inn
    Coming Up On The Inn ::
    Netherland Inn
    Kingsport Tennessee

    View Today
    View Then

    South Long Island :: Kingsport Tennessee Holston River
    South (East) Long Island ::
    Holston River
    Kingsport Tennessee

    View Today
    View Then

    Shop and Compare Great Deals on Hotels in Kingsport TN.
    Find local businesses Phone Numbers, Website, & Maps.
    View Hotel Photos, Features

      Images 10   Bays Mountain 2     ExchangePlace 1     Holston River 2     Netherland Inn 4   


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