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I have always wanted to see original Kingsport. Thus, these snapshots are historically imagined. Enjoy a slower day. Visit a few spots in Kings Port. Visit a few places before the name Kings Port was applied to this area.

Updated: 03.18.21

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    Lochaber Treaty Line
    And Donelson’s Survey

    The Lochaber Treaty line began not in the vicinity of the Long Island of the Holston but at the intersection of the Hard Labour line with the Virginia-North Carolina boundary, the 36º 30' parallel, and ran along that parallel to the point six miles east of the Long Island in the South Fork of the Holston, and from there northward to the mouth of Kanawah (Ramsey’s Great Kenhawa). In 1771, when the line was being surveyed by Col. Donelson and some Cherokee chiefs, including Little Carpenter, it was discovered that some settlers had located between the 36º 30' and the south fork of the Holston (presumably the sapling Grove [Bristol] and the Keywood settlements). Little carpenter said he “pitied them“ and therefore consented to having the boundary run from the intersection of the 36º 30' parallel with the river along the course of the river to the point six miles east of the Long Island. Thus the “North of the Holston” settlers were recognized as being outside Indian country; and since the Lochaber line was also considered to be North Carolina-Virginia boundary, those settlers, although within the present Tennessee, were governed by the colony, and later the state of Virginia until 1779. Also, the Indians agreed, in exchange for the promise of 500 English pounds worth of goods, which seems never to have been paid, to have the Lochaber line run not from the vicinity of the Long Island directly to the mouth of the Kanawha, but instead to the headwaters of the Kentucky River (called by Donelson the Louisa), along that river to the Ohio, and up the Ohio, to the mouth of the Kanawha. Donelson’s map of that line was recently discovered in the British Public Record, and a tracing from it accompanies Louis de Vorsey, Jr., “The Virginia-Cherokee Boundary of 1771,” in E.T.H.S. Publications, No. 33 (1961), 17-31, and is also printed in his Indian Boundary, 80. There is in this work, however, an unfortunate error in his modern representation, p. 70 of the Lochaber line. It should run, as indicated above, from near the Long Island (Kingsport) northward to the mouth of the Kanawha, instead of farther east as show on the map, but given correctly in the text, p. 77.
    Source : Annotations Relating Ramsey’s Annals of Tennessee  to Present Day Knowledge. By Stanley J. Folmsbee. pp. 754, 755. From : Annals of Tennessee. J. G. M. Ramsey, M.D., 1853. Reprint 1967 by the East Tennessee Historical Society, Knoxville, TN.

    Evading the 1763 Proclamation
    The Greenbrier and Loyal Companies

    [The Virginia legislature appointed as their representatives for treaty matters,  Col. Andrew Lewis,  head of the Greenbrier Company,  and Dr. Thomas Walker,  head of the Loyal Company.]

    “ . . . After the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768, which established the boundary lines to the north of Virginia, Lord Shelburne in London was anxious to settle the entire western frontier in order to avoid Indian wars. He ordered John Stuart, superintendent of Indian affairs for the southern department, to fix the frontier to the south. Lewis and Walker, the Virginia commissioners, wanted to move the boundary as far west as possible in order to make legitimate the claims of the Greenbrier and Loyal companies. John Stuart, however, agreed with the Cherokee chiefs that the line of the boundary should run to the mouth of the Great Kanawha River in what is now West Virginia, rather than farther west to the Ohio River alongside what we now call Kentucky. The Virginia commissioners worked through their political friends and the House of Burgesses passed a request that Stuart move the boundary to the Ohio River. The royal governor, however, had no choice but to back the superintendent of Indian affairs and, with the reluctant signatures of Lewis and Walker appended, the Treaty of Lochaber, South Carolina, in 1770, established the line at the Great Kanawha.
    “Then an odd thing happened. By agreement with the Cherokee chiefs, for ‘a promise of £500 that was never paid,’ the line was moved west to the Ohio River after treaty signing. It was obvious that much rum flowed. John Stuart did not object since the change was made with the consent of the Cherokees themselves. It is not difficult to guess who offered the money to the Cherokee chiefs, for the line of the Loyal Company claim now was extended even beyond the original grant.

    “Dr. Walker, apparently in fear of reversal by the Privy Council, went to work immediately. By December 16, 1773, some 980 surveys were made, on which basis 201,554 acres of land, slightly more than one-quarter of the original grant, were sold. Thomas Walker had succeeded, unlike the Ohio Company shareholders, in thwarting the declared policy of the British Crown. This was due to his close contacts with the Virginia legislature, many of whose members had a personal interest in his success. Indeed, the Virginia council was so subservient to Walker that when settlers established themselves on land that the Loyal Company no longer owned, after the revocation of the patent in 1763, the sheriff was ordered to remove the offenders unless they purchased their land from the company. In effect, settlers who by Virginia law had a preemptive right to fifty acres, were forced to buy land they had already improved from a company whose charter had lapsed. This would have been impossible, the evidence indicates, if it were not for the fact that Governor Dunmore in Virginia and William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth in England (who had succeeded to the office of colonial secretary) both were personally involved in the speculation.
    “It almost goes without saying that Dr. Thomas Walker in 1775 represented Albemarle County in the Virginia assembly as a member of the Revolutionary Convention. Patriotism and land thirst were blood brothers in the Virginia planter aristocracy.”

    From : Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Land : The Plunder of Early America
    By : Daniel M. Friedenberg. Prometheus Books, 1992; pp 115-116. ISBN: 0879757221

    The So Called Treaty of 1772

    1772. “Early in this year the authorities of Virginia made a treaty with the Cherokees, by which a boundary was fixed between them, to run from the White Top Mountain, in latitude thirty-six degrees thirty minutes.”
    Source : Ramsey;  Annals of Tennessee,  p. 109.
    Note : Charles C. Royce in his 5th Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology,  p. 146, refers to this 1772 Treaty,  however the only source that he cites is Ramsey, p. 109.

    The Righting

    There was no treaty between Virginia and the Cherokee Indians in 1772. Instead there were the Lochaber Treaty of 1770 and the Donelson survey of 1771.
    Source : Folmsbee;   Annotations  to ... Ramsey;  Annals of Tennessee, p. 755.

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